LASIK Eye Surgery Technology: Industry-Leading FDA-Approved Lasers

Eye care specialists throughout America believe in using the latest LASIK advances. Top shelf offices aim to maximize safety and provide the best results, while minimizing recovery windows, procedure times and patient discomfort. While the FDA has approved many different kinds of lasers for LASIK eye surgery, quality eye surgeons invest in the highest grade, state-of-the-art LASIK technology. When patients first visit an eye care specialist for a LASIK consultation, many doctors use the Pentacam to map out your eyes' entire corneal structure. From thickness to structural integrity to strength, this FDA-approved device surpassed the previously leading device, the Orbscan, in corneal scanning potential. The Pentacam simplifies determining if a patient is suitable for a LASIK eye surgery procedure.

Another industry-leading piece of equipment commonly used is the Wavelight Allegretto Eye-Q Laser. This FDA-approved device offers patients several advantages compared to other surgical lasers. Eye care specialists and surgeons who use this laser help maintain the natural shape of most patient corneas while simultaneously tracking eye movement with 3 infra-red cameras at an astonishing rate of 400 frames / second. During a LASIK procedure, this helps the eye surgeon reduce procedural downtime and maximize procedural safety. The fastest laser available in the nation, the Allegretto Eye-Q Laser delivers superior LASIK results and is one of the safest, most effective optical lasers on the market. In combination with this device, the WaveLight FS200 Laser is used during many LASIK eye surgery procedures. This technology is used first in a laser surgery to create a thin corneal flap near the eye's surface. By eliminating the need for a blade, eye surgery complications and chances for post-op dry eye symptoms are minimized. In addition, this laser allows for surgical customization. Regardless of corneal integrity or thickness, every LASIK eye surgery is tailor, according to the individuals' eye structure. Arriving in the US in 2010, this laser represents one of the largest technological advances the LASIK industry has seen in the past decade. This device offers LASIK patients the safest, most effective vision correction procedures available in the US

When you go any type of laser vision correction eye surgery with these impressive technologies, you can rest assured your eyes will be treated with top notch LASIK devices that lead the industry in customized, efficient, effective and above all, safe vision correction procedures. For more information on LASIK eye surgery and related FDA-approved devices, visit the FDA's LASIK section on their website.

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Which Nutrients Protect Your Eyes Best From Macular Degeneration, Cataracts, and Diabetes?

Forget that tired old question about who's hotter, Ginger or Mary Ann.

We've got a tougher one: Who has better eyesight, Popeye or Bugs Bunny? Before you hop in with an answer, let's consider the qualities of these two animation icons.

In this corner, weighing 150 pounds (and that's just his forearms), is everyone's favorite sailorman. Look at him nuzzle his anorexic extra-virgin girlfriend and inhale his spinach right from the can.

In that corner, weighing oh, probably 20 pounds (and that's just his ears), is Elmer Fudd's favorite nemesis. Look at him nonchalantly lean on the routes while he chomps on a fresh carrot.

So who's it going to be? The perpetually squinting Bluto-battler or the Cwazy Wabbit? Amazingly, the winner by a knockout is Popeye!

Spinach before carrots? How can that be? Did not our moms tell us to eat our carrots because they're good for our eyes?

Yes they did. But they also told us that if we keep crossing our eyes, one day they're going to get stuck that way. We love our moms, but maybe they're not the most reliable source of information when it comes to eyes.

Nope, the consensus is in nutrition and vision experts: the nutrients in spinach are actually better for the health of your eyes than the ones in carrots.

Let's look, with both eyes open, at some facts surrounding nutrition and vision.

These facts come in court of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) and its follow-up, AREDS2, both connected by the National Eye Institute (NEI), which is part of the United States' National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Keep track of those acronyms. There will be a test later. Not.

Results from AREDS, begun in 1992, were published in 2001. Results from AREDS2 begin in 2006, were published this year. Each study examined the two most common forms of eye disease, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cataracts.

What are those, exactly? Let's start with macular degeneration.

The macula is part of the eye's retina, which serves a similar function to the film in a camera. We should probably explain that before there were digital cameras there was this thing called film. Google it.

Just like a camera lens, the eye's lens receives an image. The image is transmitted to the retina, like the way an image taken by a camera lens used to be transmitted to the film in the camera.

The macula is in the center of the retina. When light comes to a point of focus on the center of the macula, you can see objects and colors sharply.

The macula is yellow, which enables it to absorb harmful blue and ultraviolet light that enters the eye, blocking this harmful light like a pair of sunglasses .

AMD comes two ways: dry and wet. Dry is when the tissue of the macula deteriorates. Wet is worse. That's when the blood vessels behind the retina leak blood and other fluid into the macula.

AMD is the leading cause of blindness in the US of people over 60, according to research conducted under the auspices of Johns Hopkins Medicine. Some estimates put the number of affected people as high as 15 million. However, many of those people are only mildly affected or will not experience a decline in vision at all. But about 2 million Americans with AMD are severely affected, to the point of acute vision loss.

What is better for your eyes, carrots or spinach, part two

Now let's examine cataracts.

Cataracts form when the eye's lens becomes cloudy, leading to blurred vision and vision loss. Cataracts happened because the lens of the eye is made up mostly of water and protein. As we age, the protein begins to clump together, creating the cloudy effect on the lens.

Most cataracts are related to aging and are very common in older people. By age 80, more than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract-removal surgery, according to statistics compiled by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO). In addition, almost 22 million Americans have cataracts in at least one eye, and the number is expected to increase to 30 million by 2020.

OK, so now that we know what AMD and cataracts are, let's look at which nutrients AREDS and AREDS2 found helpful in addressing these eye diseases.

The first study, AREDS, examined whether taking vitamins E and C, zinc, and beta-carotene, which makes carrots orange, reduced the onset of these diseases.

For AREDS2, the NEI scientists added omega-3 fatty acids and the antioxidants lutein (pronounced LOO-teen) and zeaxanthin (zee-ah-ZAN-thin), both of which are abundant in spinach, kale, and other leafy green vegetables. Both of these antioxidants are also present in the macula.

In addition to being antioxidants, which are molecules that help maintain the health of cells, lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids. Carotenoids are what give plant foods their colors.

Lutein is especially important because it gives the macula its yellow pigment. When this pigment degenerates, causes of this degeneration include aging, a poor diet, smoking, being a female, and having blue eyes, the macula degenerates, too, because the protection the pigment supplies gets lost. It's like a dark, polarized sunglass lens getting replaced by a clear lens on a bright, sunny day.

Now let's go back to the studies and their findings.

Contrary to the preliminary results of AREDS, the AREDS2 results show that taking vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, zinc, and the omega-3s had no effect on reducing the impairment or reducing the effects of either disease.

However, there were significant reductions in AMD from lutein and zeaxanthin.

Moreover, when beta-carotene was removed from the study, the scientists found that the AMD-reducing effects provided by lutein and zeaxanthin doubled.

Sorry, Mom. Sorry, Bugs.

AREDS2 also found that none lutein nor zeaxanthin prevented cataracts from forming. But that's not to say that there are not foods that help prevent cataracts. A 1993-2009 study conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford in England found that vegetarians and vegans were less likely than meat eaters to develop cataracts, vegetarians 30 percent less likely, vegans 40 percent, and that the more meat people ate, the greater the likelihood they would develop cataracts.

But let's say you're a young whippersnapper who hates carrots and spinach. You are years away from getting cataracts, and you spend more time thinking about getting MDMA than AMD.

We can hear you now:

“Dude. Why should I care about this? My vision's 20/20. I'm sticking with the four major non-food groups: donuts, candy bars, 64-ounce sodas, and cigarettes!”

Go ahead, knock yourself out. But remember Dud, uh, Dude, what you eat now affects your eyes today and in the future.

Keep eating junk food and smoking cigarettes, and you could be setting yourself up for type 2 diabetes. Almost 400 million people around the world have diabetes, and 25 million of them are Americans, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). Close to half of all American diabetics have some form of diabetic retinopathy, which, after macular degeneration, is the second leading cause of blindness of people in the US Also, people with diabetes get cataracts earlier, and diabetics are 60 percent likelier to get cataracts than non-diabetics, the ADA states.

Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, but the number of children and adolescents who have this type of diabetes has greatly increased during the past 20 years. Consequently, the name of the disease has changed to reflect this appalling reality.

But if you eat a diet rich in (you know what's coming) fruits and vegetables, that will not only improve your chances of maintaining good vision but improve your overall health, too.

And that's what's up, doc.

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How To Get Rid Of Eye Floaters

Eye floaters are little oddly shaped objects in various shapes and sizes that float around in the vitreous, the clear gel that fills the eyeball. When they float in the line of vision, they are seen as spots, cobwebs and randomly twisted strings.

If you already know what floaters are, and just want information on how to get rid of them, then there are generally 2 approaches;

1. Surgical Treatment

There are two types of medical procedure that are currently available to treat floaters. However, doctors generally hesitate to recommend these treatments without the patients have reduced vision from floaters. These treatments are also expensive and are not commonly available at any hospital since they can only be performed by specially-trained surgeons.

Here are the 2 medical options.

YAG Laser

The treatment involves focusing a laser beam on to the floaters at an appropriate energy level that is strong enough to vaporize them. For some other floaters that are not so easily vaporized, they are broken to a size that is not noticeable by the patient.

Although newer YAG laser machines have become easier to use, the success in treating floaters is still dependent on the experience of the surgeon. There are several challenges that the surgeon is faced with. Firstly, the object being targeted is in motion. If the laser beam misses the target, it may damage the surrounding tissues that it accidentally hits. Secondly, unless the vitreous is fully illuminated, the surgeon will not be able to see all the floaters, so some floaters will still be left untreated. Thirdly, an extended treatment may cause pressure in the eyeball to build up. If left unmanaged, it may damage the retina.

Floaters-only Vitrectomy (FOV)

This is an eye surgery that involves making 3 incisions into the white of the eye – a light source, a cutting instrument that cuts up the vitreous and sucks it out of the eye, and a pipe that fills up the empty space with saline solution. This procedure is usually carried out to treat more serious eye conditions, and is normally considered too risky to use on simple conditions such as floaters. The potential risks include infection, bleeding, cataract and retinal detachment. The surgery is normally performed by an ophthalmic surgeon with specialized training, so the success of this procedure is also dependent on the experience of the surgeon.

2. Non-surgical Treatment

The Internet can both be helpful and confusing at the same time, especially if you're looking to find a natural cure for an ailment. Looking for a remedy for floaters is no exception. Different people have found success by applying different solutions. And a lot more have found the very same solution ineffective.

So how then can we effectively get rid of floaters? The best approach is one that takes into account what causes eye floaters in the first place.

Floaters can be caused by a variety of factors, such as age-related degeneration of the vitreous, medical conditions, drugs or just simply stress. Any approach that attempts to address some of these causes will have a better chance of curing floaters.

Most websites, products or e-books offering solutions on how to get rid of eye floaters fail simply because there is no connection between the solution and what causes floaters.

As a general guideline, look out for solutions that offer ways to address some of the root causes of eye floaters, and do not waste time on those that make no attempt to do so.

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Why Improving Eyes Naturally Is The Best Way

Close to 85% of what we perceive with our senses comes in through the eyes. It is there before an undeniable fact that eyesight is one of the most important senses. Losing your eyesight can be a very unfortunate event and you need to cure urgently.

While it is very cruel to have good eyesight, we can not control when we might lose our sight. If and when we experience such difficulties we can choose either to opt for eye glasses or invest in natural remedies for the ailment. But trust me improve eyesight naturally is the best way.

Well, eyeglasses can only be helpful in improving eyesight and reducing pain & discomfort in the eye but rarely helps you restore your normal eye vision. Sometimes they cause more harm than good. The underlying fact is that eye problems are not static they keep changing through the day depending on various reasons.

Since eye conditions keep on changing, eye glasses can not be a perfect solution. Eye glasses will only give you a static solution for your eye refractive problem that keeps on varying. This means that the eye error will increase to accommodate the static solution. In the end your vision will decrease as you continue wearing glasses.

According to research, when people break their eye glasses and go without for a week they observe significant improvements in their vision. While you may not notice this improvement, it is quite significant to people who went for longer periods.

Keeping your glasses dry and clean especially on rainy or dusty days is a major challenge that affects most eyeglass users. The moisture, dust and finger prints on the glasses obstruct your view and cause discomfort on your eyes which could worsen your problem. Similarly, you can never be sure of the safety of your glass as they are very vulnerable to breakage.

Additionally, the nerve message your glasses send to your mind is not a natural code and may cause you continuous headaches due to malfunction of the brain. This only confirms that eye glasses are a non-holistic way of curing eye-sight.

Now let us look at the benefits that accrue when you choose to improve eyesight in natural ways as a remedy for your eye problem. The major advantage is on cost. It will cost you so much less if you go for a natural method.

While it costs you a lot to visit a doctor for consultation and get the glasses, some natural remedies may be as cheap as free. Similarly, you reduce any chances of overhead effects on your eyes. Recent studies show that close to a quarter of a million people end up in surgery rooms each year due eyeglass related injuries.

On the other hand, natural remedies ensure your eyes continue to function naturally and ensure natural messages are sent to the brain. This entirely means that other neurological functions remain intact.

Generally, natural ways are cost effective and healthier to use. Natural ways will help your eyes recover without making the condition worse. If you dread to look aging or you are embarrassed by glasses then you bought to consider a natural remedy over eye glasses in improving eyesight, do not you think? For me improve eyesight natural way is a best way.

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How Is Eyelid Surgery Performed?

Having puffy eyelids or bags underneath your eyes may be a cause of embarrassment and affect your self-esteem. The solution to your problems is blepharoplasty, a cosmetic procedure that involves removing sagging skin and fat deposits from your eyelids. The procedure can be lower eyelid surgery or upper eyelid surgery depending on your specific requirements. This helps in providing you with a more youthful and energetic facial appearance. People thirty years and above can undergo this eyelid surgery.

The important thing is to find a reliable plastic surgeon experienced in providing this type of surgery. In Houston, Texas you can find such surgeons who are dedicated to providing the best aesthetic results closest to their patients' expectations.

Cosmetic Surgery for the Eyes – The Procedure

This eyelid surgery procedure requires small incisions to be made, following the contours and natural lines of your face. This helps in minimizing the scars. Preferred output is achieved by way of removing skin, fat and sometimes even the muscles. Local anesthesia is made use of during the entire procedure that lasts for around three hours. Patients are discharged on the very same day.

Mild pain, bruising and swelling can be experienced during the recovery period. It is best to keep your head raised when sleeping. Time taken for complete recovery can be around three weeks. Routine activities can be taken up after a period of fourteen days. Make-up can help conceal the incision lines made during the surgery. Scars, if any, are likely to fade away in a short period of time.

Blepharoplasty Benefits

More than the emotional and cosmetic benefits, blepharoplasty also offers functional benefits. Drooping eyelids are known to obstructive clear vision, which at times can be dangerous. It can pose driving problems for you as it impacts your ability to drive properly. Most of the insurance companies cover blepharoplasty procedure provided you can convince them about the difficulties you face due to this condition.

Find a Dependable Plastic Surgeon

In case you are looking out for a plastic surgeon in Houston, the internet is a valuable resource displaying the websites of surgeons providing eyelid surgery. Choose a reputable surgeon and schedule an initial consultation. During this consultation, you can clear your doubts and concerns regarding this plastic surgery. The plastic surgeon will decide whether you are a candidate for the procedure. You will also receive information regarding the procedure, its results and post surgery care. This will help you take an informed decision regarding blepharoplasty.

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Choosing an Optometrist

We live in a big bright wonderful world filled with shapes, colors, and exciting things to see. The key to enjoying all the beauty that the world has to offer lies in the proper care of our eyes. Eye health is one of the most often overlooked things when it comes to our overall well-being. We all know how important it is to take care of our heart, our teeth, our digestive tract and our lungs. Everyday how we must keep our cholesterol low, out weight in proper check and watch out for things that can harm us like excessive exposure to the sun. For some reason, however, as we go through the process of taking care of our bodies in every way imaginable, we forget to take time to keep the most important gift that we have, our most vital sensory organs in good care, our eyes.

Taking proper care of our eyes and vision means that we have to find and build a relationship with an optometrist that we trust and who is reputable. While you could just go to your local mall or discount super department store and use the in-house eye care center, or even yet pick up the phone book and call the first person whose name you come across in the listings, this may not be the best option. Just as with any other health care professional, choosing one that is a good fit for you and your family is essential to getting the kind of proper care that you need in a comfortable environment. This is not to say that the optometrists who work in those convenience outlets are not good healthcare providers, but they are there to serve the masses who come through the door of the store everyday. They are not usually interested in building a long term personal relationship with their patients. In addition using such an eye care professional may lead you to having to switch up optometrist more often as they are employees of the store and can come and go at any time only to be replaced with someone new. With a properly selected optometrist you have a healthcare provider who is in established practice and therefor you know that they will be there for the long term for you and your family.

One of the first things that you need to do when looking for an optometrist is to select one that is in established practice. These healthcare providers have a vested interest in their patients and building a long term personal relationship with them. Taking care of patients is their livelihood and as such are bound to give more accurate and personal care. They want you to come back again and again and to refer your friends and family to them as well.

Secondly you need to choose a provider who has a strong reputation in the community. Start out by asking your friends and family who they use and trust with the care of their eyes. Word of mouth is essential to finding a good providers but be careful to mostly trust opinions of those who you trust and who have used the provider personally. Also remember that everyone has their own views for own reasons so judge the information that is given carefully for its pros and cons.

Make sure that you check out the providers that you are interested in using with the local medical review board as well as the Better Business Bureau and the Chamber of Commerce. You should also check to see if there is a review panel of local healthcare providers. Often a local hospital will keep a listing of providers that they have confirmed are reputable and have positive patient feedback.

Many times you are limited by the approved providers that you have in your insurance plan. While this does limit you to a degree it does not mean that you still do not have the ability to choose between them based on which is better for you and your family. Start out by asking the insurance provider if and how they rank their member healthcare providers. If they do and the ranking is based on policy holder feedback, then you have a perfect tool to select the ones that are most positively reviewed. From there you can use other methods to further narrow down your search to the provider that is best for your needs.

Be wary of providers who use cheap gimmicks to pull you in. Always ask to see the fine print on any deals that seem too good to be true. Gimmicks and bait and switch tactics may pull in the customers for these less than reputable providers, but in the end they do not lead to repeat business. Even if you have a great experience with the optometrist they may not be in business for long and soon you will find yourself once again looking for a new eye care professional.

Choosing an optometrist that is right for you and your family is essential to the proper care and well-being of your eyes and vision. Your vision is a vital part of your senses. It allows you to enjoy everything that is wondrous and beautiful in this world. Taking proper care of your vision means that you will be able to enjoy the falling of the autumn leaves, the colors and sights of a parade, the beauty of a June wedding and so much more. With everything that you stand to miss out on by not taking proper care of your eyes, why would you take the chance of selecting an optometrist that is not a perfect for you and your family. Vision is a precious gift make sure that yours keeps perfect by taking the time to find the optometrist that is right for you.

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What We Learned About Costume Contact Lenses From Halloween

There has been a rise in popularity of within the cosmetic contact lens market over the past three years.

With many celebrities taking to the red carpet sporting a pair of colored lenses or even novelty lenses, it has been picked up by the wider population as a way of either subtly, or drastically, changing your appearance.

With colored lenses available in many colors, from browns and blues to even reds and purples, there is a lot of choice for consumers to choose from.

Also, with a growing popularity of the novelty costume contact lens, there has been a rise of consumers using contact lenses to enchance their Halloween costumes to make for an even more scary and ghastly look.

These novelty contact lenses can include options from zombie contact lenses to the famous vampire contact lens which we have seen a rise in ever since the popular Twilight Saga films where you can even buy a Bella contact lens.

So, with this rise is lenses comes an increase in concern for public health and safety.

This comes about as more and more brands are starting to produce novel, colored and costume contact lenses, there are concerns within the FDA and health community in relation to the safety of these contact lenses.

This is because there are certain guidelines that you have to comply with when producing contact lenses, however as there are a lot of smaller brands and companies now mass producing these lenses, shortcuts which can be taken which means that public health is at risk.

This should not scare you off purchasing good quality novelty contact lenses and costume lenses that are approved by the FDA and your local optician.

Some of the brands however do not comply with these guidelines and have left some users with serious eye problems that in turn has harmed eyesight or even loss of vision.

This is because most non-prescription contact lenses are not made to fit – when you buy prescribed contact lenses, you get specific measurements by your optician as the curvature of your eye will be slightly different to the person's eye who is next to you.

This means when you then go on to buy prescribed lenses, the lens will fit your eye perfectly.

This will not be the case with non-prescribed contacts and therefore the lens may cause some irritation or even abrasion to your eye when using them leading to scratching and even inflammation and swelling.

Also, non prescribed lenses may not be produced in sterile conditions, which can lead to bacteria or debris getting into contact with your eye.

This can lead to eye infections after use of the lens.

Therefore, what we have learned from the stories from the Halloween that has just passed, is that you have to be careful from where you purchase your contacts.

The advice is to not buy online – go into your optician and get suggested brands of contacts that they know are trialed and tested to be safe.

This means you are able to stay clear of any eye problems.

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Improving Your Eyes Vision Naturally

Improving eyesight naturally might be a long and tough process for most people, but the truth is that the results can be impressive and, on top of that, even more satisfactory than any pair of glasses. There are several natural ways to improve your vision and the primary one is approaching a healthy diet. The foods you consume everyday have a direct influence on the quality of your sight, so make sure you include all the vitamins, minerals and especially vitamin A and antioxidants within your nutrition, which can eliminate the toxins from your organism and help you see everything clearer . Vegetables like carrots are rich sources of beta carotene, so they should needlessly be included in your diet.

Secondly, a very good way to improve your eyesight naturally is wearing sunglasses. Researchers showed that both your skin and vision can be affected by the UV radiations during the entire year, so you should wear sunglasses regardless of the weather. Even though it said that you can wear glasses only during the summertime, the truth is that the sun is as powerful during the winter, so you should wear sunglasses every time you go outside. Your daily habits can be very damaging for your eyesight, so you should analyze them very well and decide which ones should be given up. If you smoke or drink alcohol, it is absolutely necessary to give up this habit, which can damage your vision very much; the same rule applications for caffeine – avoid consuming more than one or two cups of coffee a day and make sure you do not drink any after after 2 pm.

Exercising regularly may be an excellent way to improve your eyesight naturally. You should be aware of any type of physical effort is appropriate, so you can opt for going to a local fitness club, jogging, swimming or exercising at home, based on your preferences and time. If your schedule is not that permissive, then you can easily transform some of your daily duties, like washing the dishes or going to work, into excellent exercises. If you are used to staring at a screen for a long while or your job involves this, then it is the right time to start reducing eye strain. Like any other muscle, eye muscles can get deteriorated if they are strained too much, so you have to prevent this from occurring by using a few simple methods, among which the “20-20-20” trick (focus on a point 20 feet away, every 20 minutes, for 20 seconds), reducing screen brightness and making the text larger are just three of them.

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How Bifocal Age Computer Users Make the Cubicle a Better Place to Work

One of the most common workplace arrangements for cooperate America is the open-plan office, with partial height paneling that separates workers into cubicles. It has been estimated that more than forty million Americans spend their working lives in cubicles with a computer. There have been a myriad of studies in applied psychology in just how to make this confined environment more satisfactory for the individual workers, but my discussions here will focus specifically on the physical limitations related to vision problems that bifocal age employees are experiencing. Many workers face more time in their cubicle daily than they do in their own living room at home, so vision comfort is an important factor to the success and satisfaction of the bifocal age employee. Here is short paragraph on the history of the cubicle.

Cubicles came into existence around 1968, and was the brain child of Robert Probst, who worked as the director of research for an office furniture manufacturer. Probst studied how people worked at the time. Then, popular cooperate work arrangements for employees were large open rooms lined with rows of desks. The work had had privacy and working close together was distracting; while management was usually positioned in the front of the room facing employees to observe how everyone was producing created a stressful environment. The “Action Office” design with cubicles offered employees some measure of privacy and plenty of work surfaces and display shelves; patricians offered places to pin up works in process, and this generally led to greater work productivity and employee satisfaction. Now, some forty plus years later, every cubicle is complete with advance technology in the form of computers and other electronic equipment.

Cubicles come in various sizes, but essentially the standard is six feet by six feet with the surrounding paneling around five feet high. Standard bifocals, trifocals, or progressive (no-line) bifocals are designed for general purposes. Yes, you can see the middle mid-range distance with a standard trifocal or progressive lens, however, you have to elevate your head up into an awkward position to look at the computer screen or view anything you pinned on the wall panel. The actual physical area for mid-range vision in any general purpose eyeglass, often called the “sweet spot”, is too small to offer a large enough field of vision to work comfortably all day on the computer. One pair of eyeglasses can not do everything you need effectively, so think about a task specific eyeglass designed for use at the computer while working in a cubicle setting. Here are just a couple of examples of cubicle dwellers that I have helped.

I was asked by Human Resources from an aerospace company to see if I could help out an employee, age was late forties, who complained about lower back pain and eye fatigue, especially in the afternoon. When I observed the employee in the cubicle, I noticed this company did a good job with both the environmental and physical ergonomics. However, the employee was wearing single vision reading glasses, and was forced to continuously move forward to see the computer screen and back again to see the reference material on the desk. Also, any reference material that was pinned to the cubicle wall panels required moving both the chair and moving forward again in the chair to bring the materials in focus. Most people who have great distance vision only want what they think they need, reading lenses, so they will not have to wear glasses full time.

Single vision reading glasses are not a computer mid-range focus. Reading glasses are usually set for distances between 14 – 16 inches, and the computer screens are set out to about 19 – 28 inches. This caused the constant motion of moving forward in the chair. The chair was an expensive ergonomically design piece of office furniture, and was being used every time the employee moved forward to see the screen, as a very expensive STOOL! I suggested a pair of bifocals, where the top portion of the lens will allow a person to focus comfortably on the computer screen without the constant moving forward in the chair. The top part of the “computer glasses” wave the worker enough range (distance) to see the walls of the cubicle clearly too, and made the pinned material easier to read without the extra physical movement needed with the reading glasses. The simple use of a task specific pair of eyewear, along with suggestions on how to make the computer hours less tiresome, mitigated the previous visual and physical problems of this employee. Now, for the other aerospace employee whose progressive lens design and cubicle experience was not working.

Progressive lenses, like conventional trifocals, have an intermediate mid-range power zone that will work for computer distances. The drawback, as I mentioned earlier, is you have to lift your chin up to find the lens area with the correct power and you have only a small viewing area through the lens to work with. In this case I used a Near Variable Focus design lens, which is basically similar to progressive lenses except the power zone in the top of the lens is designed for mid-range and the lower lens area area is used for reading. Examples of this kind of lens design would be a Sola Access and Shamir Office Lens, and both designs have worked well for me in the past for this “Office Lens” Near Variable Focus type of progressive lens design.

Check with your eye doctor yearly to make sure your prescription lenses are current. Measure the distance from your nose to the computer screen and let the doctor know, so he can form a task specific computer pair of eyewear. A low cost alternative to dedicated computer glasses would be a Computer Conversion Clip. These clip-on's attach over your existing general wear glasses to convert the distance portion of the lens into a mid-range computer focus with a crystal clear wide zone of vision. If you have to be in front of a computer everyday for 2 or more hours than make the cubicle a better place to work with less visual and physical stress.

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The Benefits of Prescription Sunglasses

When the sun is shining, eyeglass wearers wish for sunglasses that still allow the wearer to see where they are going. There are clip on or magnetic attached sun lenses, along with lenses that adjust their tint for outdoors. However, people want to choose their own fun style of sunglasses, not their glasses frames. This where prescription sunglasses are a good choice.

Contact lens wearers can also invest in prescription sunglasses. Outdoors, contact lens should not be worn on the beach or a lake. This causes the eyes to become itchy and watery with the sand, sun, wind, and water irritating the contacts. Wearing contact lenses while swimming is a bad idea because of potentially serious eye infections caused by microorganisms in the water.

Prescription sunglasses are available for almost every lens prescription including bifocal and progressive lens options. These are used if the wearer is presbyopic and need lenses to help read literature in the sun. These types of sunglasses can also help if the wearer needs reading glasses or if contact lenses are worn to correct distance vision and still need a boost for reading.

The styling of prescription sunglass frames is nearly the same as with non-prescription sunglasses. Almost all of the same fashion, designer, and celebrity eyewear options are usually available due to the high demand for prescription sunglasses.

Availability is limited when it comes to certain wraparound sunglasses that curve around the head, used in sports. Prescription sunglasses with extreme curves can distort vision. Several manufacturers offer wraparound prescription sunglasses with less extreme curves. These are usually available in a limited prescription range. Discuss options with an optician.

Prescription sunglasses are available in all lens materials including high-index, polycarbonate, regular plastic, glass, and Trivex, a lightweight material similar to polycarbonate. Glass lenses arguably provide the best optical quality but they are no longer the most popular choice for sunglasses. They are heavier than lenses of other materials and shatter easily.

Wearers can also purchase prescription eyeglass lenses with a photochromic tint. These are called transition lenses. Photochromic lenses automatically darken in the sunlight and return to a clear state indoors. Photochromic lenses are convenient but UV rays are required to activate the tint. Most car windshields block UV, so these lenses do not darken well in cars.

Ultimate prescription eyewear suitable for all lighting conditions includes eyeglasses with photochromic lenses and a frame with integrated magnetic clip on sunglasses. Photochromic lenses provide automatic sun-sensitive light adjustments for greater comfort in the sun. Clip on sunglasses conveniently store in the car for bright and sunny days that require a darker driving lens.

The primary concern when buying prescription sunglasses is that lenses block 100 percent of the sun's UV rays. UV protection is unrelated to the color and density of the tint in sunglass lenses. Choose any lens color and darkness the wearer prefers, but make sure the optician verifies that the lenses provide complete UV protection.

For added glare protection from light bouncing back from reflective surfaces, such as water, snow, sand, and concrete pavement, prescription polarized sunglasses are available. Light reflected from surfaces is horizontally polarized. Instead of being scattered in all directions in more usual ways, reflected light travels in a horizontally oriented direction. This creates dangerous light intensity.

Polarized lenses contain a special filter that blocks this type of intense reflected light, easily reducing the glare. Polarized sunglasses improve comfort and visibility, but sometimes these lenses are not advisable. For example, if skiing downhill, light that is blocked from reflecting off icy patches can cause danger to skiers as they approach hazards.

Polarized lenses can also reduce the visibility of images produced by LCD and LED displays found on car dashboards, digital screens, ATMs, cell phones, and GPS devices. For most other sports and activities, polarized sunglasses offer great advantages.

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Why Are Regular Exams Important?

You would have known or heard about people who use weighing machine regularly to keep a check on their weight, but how often you meet people who keep a check on the health of their eyes?

It is unfortunate that most people do not realize the significance of having their eyes examined periodically for having healthy eyes, meaning good vision. Regular eye check up is vital to maintain your eyes in good health.

Here's the information gathered as a result of an all inclusive eye check up and the action the doctor may recommend:

  • Checking and correcting reduced vision for people using contact lenses or eyeglasses: The eye doctor can prescribe the lenses that can offer 20/20 or perfect vision for the individual. If the best lenses fail to deliver the desired effects, further investigation is recommended to ascertain the reasons.
  • Testing the alignment of patient's eyes- Some people may have turned or crossed eyes, meaning that the two eyes are unable to work simultaniously. This could be the reason for not achieving a perfect vision and can diminish the sensitivity of eyes.
  • Testing if the eyes are working as a team? When your eyes do not work in unison, you could have problems like eyestrain and headache. This limitation can be serious in case of school going children as they need to read and write as a part of their studies.
  • Testing of focusing skills- This is particularly relevant in case of children. In case of adults, this needs to be checked after attaining an age of forty years, when eyes are unable to focus efficiently. This can be corrected by appropriate prescription.
  • Examining the retina- An examination of the blood vessels of retina allows the examiner to assess if the patient is affected by issues of blood pressure or diabetes. The information can be of great help to another doctor who may be treating the patient.
  • Checking for glaucoma- Although painless, glaucoma could prove to be the cause of losing vision if left untreated.

How frequently the eyes need to be examined?

Opinions on this subject are divided. Some recommend a yearly examination but many consider that to be excessive. So, it is safe to conclude that it should depend on the overall health of patient, age and health history of family. Patients with healthy vision, needing adjustments of prescription may visit the optometrist one time every year. Older patients having an eye disease would do well to increase the frequency of their visit. Neverheless here are broad guidelines:

  1. It is good to have your eyes examined once every 18-24 months on completing forty years.
  2. On reaching sixty years of age, annual examination is recommended as the risks of developing glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration or other eye ailments is increased.
  3. Diabetics must have an annual eye check up. More frequent examination may be needed for those affected by diabetic retinopathy.
  4. Those wearing contact lenses should have their lenses evaluated every year to ensure there are no adverse effects of using lenses.
  5. School going children need regular eye checksups. It is realized that many children have eye problems are mistaken s slow learners of having developmental problems.

On realizing an infection in the eyes, pain in area surrounding eyes or blurry vision, do not delay having a thorough check up of your eyes. Likewise, frequent headings or heavy squinting indicate vision problems and should be checked without delay.

Prevention is better than cure!

One can take steps to prevent or at least delay the sunset of eye related diseases or malfunctioning. The most important is consumption of nutritious diet, which is becoming increasingly difficult with changing lifestyle. Fortunately, supplements are available. Another important and easy but helpful measure is regular exercises for eyes. You may consult a specialist to know the most appropriate exercises for your eyes.

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Easy, Natural Ways to Relieve Eyestrain Caused by Using Digital Devices

We are living in an era when it is not possible for most to avoid using digital devices. Right from young children and grownups, even the aged need to use portable electronic devices and or computers. It is difficult to image any professional or student to continue with their profession or academic studies without using one of these devices, particularly computers.

Almost everyone using portable electronic devices or a computer for prolonged hours is exposed to the risk of eye strain. Your age or the kind of experience in handling these devices hardly comes into play. During the extended hours people spend on their electronic devices, the nature of the digital screens themselves contribute to causing increased eye strain, compared with reading the same information printed on paper.

The reason is that the characters appearing on your computer screen are made of minuscule squares or dots of light, known as pixels. Characters made by using pixels are not as distinct as those made on printed pages. Pixels lack sharpness and density, compared to printed matter. This is valid even for devices using high resolution screens, though the effect may not be so pronounced. It is more difficult for the eyes to remain focused on the text appearing on computer screen, compared to text printed on paper. This becomes all the more significant if you hold the digital device closer to the eyes.

Eye fatigue, also referred to as digital eye strain is the most widespread problem faced by users who spend prolonged hours before computer screens without taking breaks. Continuous refocusing tires the focusing muscles within the eye, and that is a major reason for causing digital eye strain.

Risk Factors

Apart from the time you may be spending everyday looking at the computer screen, the other factors contributing to digital eye strain may be:

  • How near you are sitting to the computer screen or how closely you tend to keep these devices to eyes.
  • What for the devices are used? For instance action games cause quick eye strain, compared to surfing the net or going through an e-book.
  • How frequently you blink?
  • How frequently you take breaks when spending long hours before screen of your computer?
  • Do you have any problems related to your vision? You may have dry eyes or be using wrong reading glasses.

Indications and Symptoms

Here are the most usual indications or symptoms of digital eye strain:

  • Red and or irritated eyes
  • Headaches
  • Dry eyes
  • Blurred vision while looking at the screen or device
  • Pain in the neck or back

How to reduce or prevent eye discomfort?

Fortunately, in most cases it is possible to reduce eye fatigue naturally, without taking any medicines. The best and easiest way to take control of eye strain while on computers is to take breaks. Taking frequent breaks, say every 20/30 minutes, helps relaxing your eye muscles. Looking at some distant object during breaks prompts you to blink eyes. It helps reducing symptoms of dry eyes.

Other measures that help decreasing eye discomfort:

  • Blink your eyes more often, at least after having finished reading a page.
  • Every 20/30 minutes leave your desk, stretch your body and relax the eyes.
  • Enhance the font size on computer screen.
  • Adjust the level of brightness / contrast on your devices.
  • Procure devices having higher resolution screens.
  • Always keep the device in use at a distance of ten to twelve inches from eyes.

Other than all the precautions and measures, it is very important to take healthy nutritious diet. You can consult a dietician for the purpose, although certain supplements available over the counter are also proved helpful.

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Do Polarized Sunglasses Really Make a Difference?

We need to wear sunglasses when outdoors, particularly during summers to save eyes from the discomfort of hot sun and its harmful ultraviolet rays. Choosing a pair of sunglasses can be hard in today's market due their availability in varied range. Apart from the frame, you need to select the lenses, which come in an equally large range of colors and tints. Additionally, you get polarized lenses too, which are getting increasingly popular by the day, despite being significantly more expensive than the usual lenses. You may be wondering if polarized sunglasses indeed need to be so expensive or these are simply over rated.

Understanding Polarized Glasses

Sunlight gets absorbed or reflected in many directions. Sunlight that gets reflected from a horizontal surface, like land, water or hoods of cars is often reflected back horizontally, producing a very strong glare, which apart from causing discomfort may also cause blinding. Hitting across such glares while driving, apart from being highly irritating, can also cause serious accidents. Polarized glasses have a built-in laminated filter that permits only vertical light rays to go through, and almost completely block horizontal rays of light to eliminate glares. Usually these are available in brown or gray colors, though manufacturers offer other colors too.

Who needs Polarized Lenses?

It is interesting to point out here that polarized lenses were initially used by fishermen and boaters. Because such lenses reduce glare, it is easier for fisherman to view deer into sea for fish or any obstacle. These days, it is quite trendy to use such lenses. Polarized glasses are very helpful to people who undertake long driving trips and also for sportsmen.

Pros and Cons of Polarized Lenses


A pair of quality sunglasses would generally contain polarized lenses. Compared to non-polarized lenses, here are the advantages of polarized variety:

A high quality pair of sunglasses will usually include polarized lenses. A polarized lens offers the following advantages over non-polarized lenses:

  • Perks up visual comfort
  • Enhances clarity of vision and contrast
  • Lessens eyestrain
  • Enables an accurate insight of colors
  • Diminishes reflections and does away with glare


Like most other items and devices, polarized lenses too have certain limitations. These can be quite disturbing for people who need to see and work on liquid crystal displays, LCDs. If you are wearing polarized glasses, you will have difficulty reading an LCD screen which may seem to disappear at particular angles. That's why pilots or operators of heavy machines are not recommended to use these. You may have experienced difficulty while operating an ATM machines while keeping polarized glasses on.

Although recommended for use of snow skiers, some may complain getting insufficient contrast, making it difficult to distinguish between patches of ice or snow and moguls. It may prove hazardous. It's not a good idea to use polarized glasses for this sport.

Both the kinds, polarized as well non-polarized glasses offer their own benefits. While polarized variety is preferred for long drives or fishing, non-polarized glasses may be used for daily affairs when not driving.

Do Polarized Lenses Provide UV Protection?

Superior quality of polarized glasses provides protection against ultra violet rays of the sun. Yet, it will be incorrect to conclude that any polarized lens protects you against those harmful rays from the sun. It is imperative to verify the same from the manufacturer or the dealer that the lenses provide the needed safety. Usually it is marked on the lenses. One of the constituents of polarized lenses is polycarbonate, which is impact resistant and provides UV protection.

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Different Types of Eye Exams

Optometrists as well as ophthalmologists conduct a series of tests to inspect your eyes. These tests combine a simple test like reading an eye chart to more difficult tests to check the minute structure of the interior of your eye.

A comprehensive check up of eyes may take about one hour, although it depends on the competency of the doctor and intricacies of tests performed to have an accurate assessment of your vision plus health of eyes.

A regular, all-inclusive eye exam would generally consist of the following tests:

Visual Acuity Test

This is among the simplest tests conducted to assess how sharp your vision is. Normally, an eye chart is used to evaluate your ability to read from a distance (visual acuity) followed by holding in hand and reading a small acuity chart for assessing near vision.

Color Blindness Test

This also a simple test that goes to ensure your eyes is not affected by color blindness. Other than identifying inherited lack of colored vision, this test also helps the doctor to know of likely health issues affecting your vision.

Cover Test

Although the doctor has many ways of checking if your eyes are working in unison, this is the most usual test for that purpose. For conducting this test, you are asked to focus on any small object at some distance away, while the doctor covers each eye one after the other as you continue staring at the defined object.

During the said process, the doctor judges if the unclarified eye necessarily moves to locate the targeted object. It could have been a sign of strabismus or slight binocular vision problem, which may cause eye strain or “lazy eye.”


This test is also performed during the early stage of eye exam to estimate prescription of eyeglasses for you. For conducting this test, lights in the room are dimmed. Then, you are generally asked to keep your eye focused on the large “E” of the chart. As you keep staring at that “E”, the doctor would throw a beam of light on your eyes while flipping lenses in a mechanism facing your eyes. Depending on how your eye reflect back that beam of light, the doctor can approximate prescription of glasses for you.


The doctor uses this test to refine prescription of eyeglasses. A phoropter is positioned before your eyes and the doctor allows you to see lenses in sequence. He will question you which two lenses give a clear picture. He keeps fine tuning the lenses to fill an accurate prescription of eyeglasses is realized.

The doctor can also assess your prescription using automatic machines like an aberrometer or autorefractor.

Skit-lamp Examination

A slit lamp, also known as biomicroroscope, is an instrument that enables the doctor to see an extremely enlarged view of an eye to assess its health and check if it is infected. The instrument is used for examining the structure on the face of the eye, like conjunctiva, iris and cornea as also of its interiors, like macula, optic nerve and retina.

Glaucoma Test

There are many variations of this test, employed for measuring pressure inside the eyes. Glaucoma, caused by high pressure on eyes, can result in loss of eyesight. Since the disease generally does not offer any symptoms, it is vital to have this test done. Early diagnosis of glaucoma can prevent loss of vision.

Pupil Dilation

For getting a better view of the internal structure of your eyes, the doctor dilates your pupils, using a solution. It takes twenty to thirty minutes for eyes to get diluted when the doctor examines the eyes through different instruments. Since the pupils are enlarged as a result of this test, you may find it difficult to focus on closer objects. The effect is temporary and use of sunglasses is recommended after having undergone this test.

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Simple Exercises You Can Do to Keep Your Eyes Healthy

Eyesight is the most important sense to a majority of people. We rely on our vision to help us do everything everything, from getting dressed to cooking meals to caring for children and pets to driving to performing our job at work. Without the ability to see, our lives would be dramatically different.

That's why it's important to maintain good vision. We exercise our bodies to keep them in optimal condition. Fortunately, you can do the same with your eyes. Here are some quick and easy exercises you can do to keep your eyesight free from deterioration.

Start with Warm-ups

You should never engage in intense exercise without warming up your body, right? The same goes for your eyes. Start by cupping your palms and covering your eyes. Imagine total darkness. When you see only blackness, uncover your eyes and repeat several times.

Eye Movements

Your parents may not have liked it when they said something you did not like and you roled your eyes at them. However, eye rolling is actually a good exercise for your eyes. This exercise is easy to do. Just roll the eyes clockwise for a minute, then switch direction and go counterclockwise for another minute. This helps your eyes maintain strength and agility.

Other eye movements you can do include up and down movements. Move your eyes up and down eight times, then move them from side to side, repeating eight more times. Be careful not to force your eyes too far in any one direction, as you could make your eyesight worse.

Focus Exercises

Pick two objects – one that is less than 30 feet away and one that is more than 150 feet away. Focus on the distant object for about 15 seconds. Next, focus on the closer object for the same amount of time. Go back to the distant object and repeat five times.

Another focus exercise to do is to hold a pencil or other object in front of you, at an arm's length away. Slowly bring the object to your nose and follow it with your eyes until you can no longer focus. Repeat 10 times.

Finish with a Massage

Who does not love a good massage? Relax your eyelids by closing your eyes and massaging them in a circular motion for 1-2 minutes. Next, lightly press three fingers of each hand onto your eyelids. Hold them there for several seconds, release and repeat. Finish with a warm compress by soaking a towel in warm water and applying it on closed eyelids.

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