Eye floaters are little oddly shaped objects in various shapes and sizes that float around in the vitreous, the clear gel that fills the eyeball. When they float in the line of vision, they are seen as spots, cobwebs and randomly twisted strings.
If you already know what floaters are, and just want information on how to get rid of them, then there are generally 2 approaches;
1. Surgical Treatment
There are two types of medical procedure that are currently available to treat floaters. However, doctors generally hesitate to recommend these treatments without the patients have reduced vision from floaters. These treatments are also expensive and are not commonly available at any hospital since they can only be performed by specially-trained surgeons.
Here are the 2 medical options.
The treatment involves focusing a laser beam on to the floaters at an appropriate energy level that is strong enough to vaporize them. For some other floaters that are not so easily vaporized, they are broken to a size that is not noticeable by the patient.
Although newer YAG laser machines have become easier to use, the success in treating floaters is still dependent on the experience of the surgeon. There are several challenges that the surgeon is faced with. Firstly, the object being targeted is in motion. If the laser beam misses the target, it may damage the surrounding tissues that it accidentally hits. Secondly, unless the vitreous is fully illuminated, the surgeon will not be able to see all the floaters, so some floaters will still be left untreated. Thirdly, an extended treatment may cause pressure in the eyeball to build up. If left unmanaged, it may damage the retina.
Floaters-only Vitrectomy (FOV)
This is an eye surgery that involves making 3 incisions into the white of the eye – a light source, a cutting instrument that cuts up the vitreous and sucks it out of the eye, and a pipe that fills up the empty space with saline solution. This procedure is usually carried out to treat more serious eye conditions, and is normally considered too risky to use on simple conditions such as floaters. The potential risks include infection, bleeding, cataract and retinal detachment. The surgery is normally performed by an ophthalmic surgeon with specialized training, so the success of this procedure is also dependent on the experience of the surgeon.
2. Non-surgical Treatment
The Internet can both be helpful and confusing at the same time, especially if you're looking to find a natural cure for an ailment. Looking for a remedy for floaters is no exception. Different people have found success by applying different solutions. And a lot more have found the very same solution ineffective.
So how then can we effectively get rid of floaters? The best approach is one that takes into account what causes eye floaters in the first place.
Floaters can be caused by a variety of factors, such as age-related degeneration of the vitreous, medical conditions, drugs or just simply stress. Any approach that attempts to address some of these causes will have a better chance of curing floaters.
Most websites, products or e-books offering solutions on how to get rid of eye floaters fail simply because there is no connection between the solution and what causes floaters.
As a general guideline, look out for solutions that offer ways to address some of the root causes of eye floaters, and do not waste time on those that make no attempt to do so.